Phidias, Athena Parthenos, c. 438 B.C. Model of the lost statue, which was approx. 38' tall. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.
Chryselephantine: fashioned of gold and ivory. This particular statue had been destroyed in antiquity, long before the 19th century. It's been said that the Parthenon was designed around it. To accommodate its huge size, the cella had to be wider than usual and this, in turn, dictated the width of the 8-column facade at a time when 6 columns were the norm. Other famed statues of the same period include Athena and Nike. (Gardner)