Friday, September 5, 2008

Mannerism in Garden Design

Ligorio, Oliverieri and Tommaso da Siena, Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy. Begun 1550. 'This garden takes advantage of the rugged landscape for the creation of terraces and innumerable fountains; such Mannerist designs provided a total sensory experience.' (Leland M. Roth)

Mannerism - in painting, sculpture, and architecture, a style characterized by a subtle but conscious breaking of the 'rules' of classical composition - IE, displaying the human body in an off-center, distorted pose, and using harsh, non-blending colors. The aim was to unsettle the viewer. The term was coined by Vasari and used to describe the 16th century reaction to the peak of Renaissance Classicism. It refers to a style developed by painters and architects working in Italy (primarily Rome and Florence) during the years 1520s-90s beginning with , and largely derived from, the later works of Michelangelo in painting and architecture. (Brockhampton)

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